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Social/Pragmatic Language Deficits
This area of language function encompasses communication skills, specifically the use of social language during interactions with others. Children with deficits in this area may not understand when to take turns when talking, how to keep a conversation going, or how to take their conversational partner's perspective.
Articulation and Phonological Disorders
An articulation disorder involves problems in making speech sounds. Sounds can be left off, substituted, added, or distorted. These errors affect intelligibility, and make it difficult for people to understand the child, particularly unfamiliar listeners. Articulation therapy involves remediating speech sound errors, gradually introducing them into longer and longer utterances. Phonological disorders involve errors with patterns of sounds.
Autism Spectrum Disorders
Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder that impairs a child's ability to communicate and interact with others. It is characterized by difficulty in social interaction, imaginative play, and verbal and nonverbal communication skills.
Language disorders may be expressive, receptive, or a combination of the two. Expressive language disorders are characterized by difficulties with verbal expression, such as a limited vocabulary usage, or difficulty using proper grammar (syntax and/or morphology) and meaning (semantics). Receptive language disorders involve impaired language comprehension.